Symptoms and Treatments of Ear Infections in Dogs and Cats

In this document, I will discuss the different ear problems I see, and some of the treatments and diagnostic tools I have available to bring the speediest recovery at the most reasonable cost.

One of the best combinations I have used has been OTOMAX twice a day x 7 days THEN BuroCort (Burow’s) every 24 hours x 7 days then continue BuroCort twice a week for maintenence.

One may also use Otomax or similar in the morning and Miconazole nitrate cream in the evening.

Even better, Claro ear treatment provides an owner with ZERO-effort management of an ear infection because the Vet puts the medicine in the ear and that’s it.

When a dog or cat has an ear problem, a certain list of problems can be considered as common causes.


  • ~Water in the ear causes bacterial overgrowth and infection.
  • ~Allergies can extend into the ear causing redness and scratching.
  • ~Occasionally, ear mites can live in dogs’ ears.
  • ~Often, in concert with a bacterial infection, a yeast can set up in an ear, causing it to become chronic.


  • ~Earmites frequently are the cause of ear trouble in cats.
  • ~Secondly, would be bacterial infection.

When examining an animal’s ear, I look to see if it appears to be a mite problem, (ear mites) and if I suspect it is so, I’ll take a swabbing of the wax in the ear and look at it under the microscope. If mites are found, treatment is started immediately.

I will check the ears very well with an instrument called an Otoscope, and if the Otoscopic examination yields the diagnosis, a treatment is started to bring the pet much needed relief. In some cases, cultures of a chronically infected ear may be required.

Treatments may include any of the following: An injection of an anti-inflammatory drug, ear medication such as Otomax®, oral antibiotics, or in some cases, ear mite treatments of a variety of kinds. Depending upon how many, or how few of these treatments it takes to bring about a cure of the ear problem, will determine how much is spent on the problem. Obviously, if you are within a budget, you would need to talk frankly with me about these limitations. I’m great at getting good results within most any budget. The majority of ear disorders can be resolved for under 55$ which would include the examination, ear swabs, and the appropriate medication.

The most important thing is to treat for the full treatment period and bring the pet back at the conclusion of the medications prescribed. There is rarely a nominal re-examination fee at that time. But it is ultimately important that no remnant of infection be allowed to remain in the ear, or the problem will come back to haunt you.


My favorite is Claro.

Otomax, Mometomax, Panolog, Entederm are all similar lotions that go into an ear and stay. They’re oily but they treat several problems at once.
Tresaderm – Non occlusive and thin, this has marvelous penetration and kills ear mites as well as a variety of bacteria, yeasts, and fungi.




Enter your email address for a free PDF of this article including its images.

Enter your Email Address

My Favorite Amazon Recommendations

Items and content will not show in "Reader View" check your browser.

This is The LCD Screen Scope
We Did The Tutorial With. I did a twenty page tutorial (Here's the tutorial) with video, audio, images and even little parasite movies to show you how to use a microscope. 

This Filter is Good For BIG Dirty Tanks
I've been wrestling with water quality with the turtles. The sponges work GREAT, but in THOSE turtle systems where they eat MICE the poops are bulky. This filter can handle it. In "Tortu's" tank, it's got an 800 gph pump and it rocks. 

PraziPro for Flukes
They nailed it. Figured out the solubility and worked out the dosing. It works. 

Buy Some Good Koi?
No, this isn't really for the 'high end' collector y'all. But for someone who isn't near a decent garden center, here are "good-to-quite-good" Koi you will like at a very good price. I know these guys personally.

Best Food, Ever
It's made for (and I discovered it for) my Blood Parrots but the small size, intense color enhancers and excellent formulation make it superb young-Koi food. Oh, and it's AMAZING on color-cichlids like Flowerhorn and Blood Parrots. 

Pro Air 60 Aerator is a VERY high output air pump pushing my whole fish room (17+ drops), and I have one at home driving everything there, and I have one as a back up. 

Formalin Malachite (Not dilute)
There are formalin malachite preparations at 10%, 22% and 37%. There's economy in the concentrates. Hard to get Prime shipping because air transport is curtailed. This is a good value on 32 ounces. 

Topical For Koi and Pond Fish Ulcers
I like 7% tincture of iodine because it stains but it's hard to hurt anything with it. Used with a WOVEN gauze, this works well to clean and disinfect a wound. Only use ONCE. Do not 'repeatedly' scrub wounds. 

Confectioner's Glaze 
Is the way to bind a medication to fish food. Gone are the days of paste food and oil. The write up is done, it's RIGHT HERE.

Koi Health & Disease
Hopefully this link takes you to the newest edition by PRIME to get it to your house the fastest. 

I have over ten of these Titanium Heaters in my fish room and at home. They're a paradigm shift in aquarium heating. They're titanium and 400W for under $30! Whaaaaaaaaat?

CyroPro by Hikari is safe and easy for Anchor Worms and Fish Lice.

Whatever heaters you use, back yourself up with a temperature controller, it'll turn on, and off your heaters. If your heater seizes "on" at least the thermostat will stop a tragedy. 

LifeGuard by Tetra is a tablet version of a tame 'chloramine-t' or 'halamid' compound that's easy to get and good on bacterial infections, in baths. 

If you're making medicated feed for a larger group of fish, this will come in handy. Dosing is available in the site. 

For me, filtration-of-choice
For aquariums, even small Koi holding facilities or small ponds. These sponge filters are cheap, easy to clean, and they clear hazes very well when used with some Accuclear or similar.

Rubber sided, round, nettable tanks
Make great hospital or quarantine facilities. They SHOULD cost about $200-300 depending on size, but this, lower quality unit (while panned in some reviews) may be good. Don't overfill and make sure it's propped up.

1200 Watt heater, on a thermostat held securely above the waterline, works GREAT as a large tank heater. That's all I'll say because there's risk of electrocution and all that. But then, even in a bucket you could get killed. Sound like fun?
I have several of these ALLIED PRECISION stainless ones that are a couple years old. Working still. 

Potassium Permanganate 
500 grams could be a lifetime supply but it's 50% more than the 100g cost wise, for 500% more amount. Dosing is in the site and the book.

What Does Ajax Eat?
I looked for something well formulated, with meat as the first ingredient. Something UNDER $2/lb and something they could deliver for free. And this was it. He looks and feels great on it.