Category Archives: Questions

Why do dogs sniff each other’s butts? And more…

Dottie The Snot Nosed Dog

I need some expert input.  You know Dottie just went thru the treatment
for heart worms.  She went thru 3- rounds of Doxycycline.  (Feb 18 –
March 19; April 19 – May 18; June 18 – July 17).  On September 18, we
took her back in to be tested; the Dr said her level was within normal

cause of snot in dog nose persistent nasal discharge
Cause of snot in dog nose persistent nasal discharge

Since then she has developed a sneeze.  We had her back to see the vet
on 10/24/19.  The Dr gave her a Dex/Vit B12/Amp Injection and sent us
home with 20- 500mg Amoxicillin Tabs to be given 1- twice a day, plus
she told us we could give her generic Zyrtec once per day (10mg).  She
is still sneezing a lot, sometimes so bad that it scares her because she
seems to almost lose her breath.  She has quite a bit of congestion.
Most of the time we can’t get to her in time to get the snot before she
licks it off her nose.  When we do see it, it is very thick.  When I do
catch her in time, I wipe it off before she does.  Can you recommend
anything we can do to help her get over this.  Is it possible that
because she took 3 rounds of Doxycycline that it could have caused her
to build up a resistance to antibiotics and kept the Amoxicillin from
working?  We are very concerned and looking forward to your reply.  HELP!!!


It’s very possible Dottie’s had a lot of antibiotics, and is more vulnerable to infection.
She ought to:
Have a CBC to see about infection
Be examined with the suspicion of something in her sinuses if only infection
Possibly have her sinuses flushed out under sedation
That doc will be concerned to know that the mucus is thick
That speaks to a worsening situation
I feel sure more antibiotics are needed and no more Dex.
  • Of the last 7 cases like that that I saw, one of them was unexplained
  • One of them was a tooth root abscess
  • One of them was nasal polyps
  • Two of them a piece of grass that had been lodged in the sinus
  • Two of them were cancer
Really none of them are very easy to diagnose because it’s hard to get a camera (endoscope, mirror, anything) into the sinus. Both of the cases that had grass in the sinus eventually worked their way out to the point poor karri if i got cancer she would never cash another check where the owner could see tiny tip of the grass, and pull the blade out. Every day before that, the cases were mysteries.

Larvae In Pond Filters / What Are These Worms?

Recent Consult

Larval caddisfly on filter box material
Larval caddisfly on filter box material

The guy:

My name is B___K___ from Cookeville, Tennessee. I attended your talk at Splendor Koi in Marietta Ga, the other month.

I have a question concerning my pond. My pond is about 10,000 gallon with 25-30 fish. Chuck helped me to set up this pond and provided all hardware and filtration.

My question is this spring I have noticed a type of bug that attaches itself to all the filter components, skimmer baskets, skimmer filter racks.

I have several pictures that should help you identify the problem. I would like to hear your recommendations to solve said problem.

My Response:

Hi B____!

Larval caddisfly on filter box material
Larval caddisfly on filter box material

Those are the larval form of some fly, like a caddisfly, or Mayfly. They won’t be a year round thing.
Young koi will eat them on sight.
Hence they should only be in fishless areas e.g. filter boxes, infrastructure.
They’re harmless although certain species can be a liability to fry (very baby fish).
They’re not a symptom of anything.
They need no address or remedy.
If you dislike them, a couple Bream in the filter box will consume them readily.

From the Guy:

Thank you for your response.
The fish are doing fine so it was not an issue to them.
In the filters I also find worm / larva. With a high pressure washer, they get blown off and out of the plastic filters and racks and baskets. Every two to three weeks I take the pressure washer down the creek bed and over the water fall to remove algae. I also use algae-away to reduce the algae propagation.
Again thank you for your response.

B____ K______