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Water Quality

Water quality is the underpinning of fish health. Take care of the water, the fish take care of themselves.

Phosphate Removers Are A Waste of Money

You should be aware that in the normal scheme of things, phosphates cause algae to flourish. As such, phosphates became ‘the enemy’ to marketing weasels who would have you believe that algae are the...

Stable pH Is Easy

Stable pH Is Easy These Days The most common cause of fish illness in the “established” aquarium is a sagging, or even “crashed” pH. This is because literally EVERY biological process in the tank...

Stable pH Is Easy These Days

Stable pH Is Easy These Days The most common cause of fish illness in the “established” aquarium is a sagging, or even “crashed” pH. This is because literally EVERY biological process in the tank...

The Best Aquarium Filters, EVER

Sponge Filters are the BEST There are two reasons for this article. First, I use sponge filters in all my tanks and I’m not ashamed. They’re soft on fish bodies, easy to clean, effective,...

Getting Ponds and Koi Ready for Wintertime

Getting Ponds and Koi Ready for Wintertime By Bonnie Hale Guest Author Koi MOVING KOI INSIDE FOR THE WINTER If you must move fish inside for the winter, do this gradually. Move a few...

Koi Fish Pond SuperCooling: What Is That?

Koi Fish Pond SuperCooling: What Is That? SuperCooling, Common and Preventable Supercooling -- When you want a cup of coffee to lose heat, the fastest way is to pour it through the air from cup-to-cup...

Water Testing: How and With What Kit

To keep track of water quality, which is the absolute UNDERPINNING of fish health, you need to test the water and some of you may have noticed that there are test kits that cost...

New Fish in New System Won’t Live, Dying

New set up … I have recently started a new pond or tank and introduced several fish. I have lost several fish. There are no marks or signs of disease? New Fish in New...

“Carbonates” Support pH, But Can Be Exhausted

Carbonate balance is a long subject, but I intend to keep it brief. I will over simplify for greater understanding. As we mentioned before, pH is a measurement of Hydrogen ions in the system....

Water Changes for Health, and Ammonia Control

If fish are suffering illness due to any obvious deterioration of water quality, you are well advised to begin a systematic daily changing of 20-40% of the total volume in the system. There are...

Hydrogen Sulfide Pond Gas – Not Very Common

Hydrogen Sulfide gas is a gas produced in an-aerobic pockets under water. These may occur anywhere there is deep sand or sediment, or in a sump with thick mulm. Hydrogen Sulfide Pond Gas –...