These are tricks to success with discus

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Over the years people have gotten better and better at keeping discus and it has to do with obeying their need for soft water, and moderate to low pH, high oxygenation and well-doing live plants. That can be insured with the use of fluorite for a substrate. Adding tannins artificially or by using real driftwood, is also helpful. I think one of the greatest keys is high aeration or at least surface agitation.

What difference does temperature make

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There’s just some highlights I thought I’d bring up regarding temperature and Koi. The way sometimes water temperatures impact treatments and Fish and their metabolism and even the filtration system. You could get some general ideas about health factors in your pond it when the water temperatures are in these ranges. Kind of, what the strengths of these temperatures and the weaknesses of these temperatures are.

When fish are dying in the bag.

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Sometimes you get fish shipped to you especially in the warmer months, or if the bags are over packed, or if there has been a delay, and the bag is a disaster. If fish are dying in the bag, it is advised that you do not go through any lengthy procedure to get the bags emptied. Immediately open the bag, remove the dead fish and begin copping water from the receiving facility into the shipping bag. When you have achieved a 50% mix, and observing the temperature change liabilities in the picture, you need the fish out of the bag into the receiving facility. Rapid acclimation is stressful, staying in the bag is fatal.

Acclimating fish as they come in from shipping

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When fish are shipped from place to place by air, they are packed in sick plastic bags with pure oxygen, usually an ice pack. By the time they arrive the water is in poor condition. With a lot of ammonia and a high carbon dioxide levels and a low pH.
The fish have been retaining ammonia for at least as long as they have been shipped, they are hungry and they are stressed.
Acclimating the fish across the wide range of temperatures takes various amounts of time and represents different levels of stress. A 5° change in temperature is virtually irrelevant. Changing 20° in a short period of time will often kill.
When you open the bag, after a 20 minute acclimation period, you need to spend five minutes mixing pond water with the shipping bag water. When you have 50-50 ratios of new and old water, you net the fish out of the bag into the system. Don’t dump shipping bag water into your main system.
Ostensibly, that is a quarantine system.

Getting blood for a blood sugar

If you are diabetic dog has sebaceous warts on it, those are excellent places to get blood samples for glucose testing at home. There are no nerves in a sebaceous wart because they are made of purely sebaceous gland tissue and not the nerves that go with that. The blood in a sebaceous wart is a little bit older than the blood in the rest of the system so the sugar is going to be off by possibly 15 points. But when you are trying to tell the difference between 60 and 600, it doesn’t matter.
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Keratin Cysts

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A keratin cyst is a little pocket of wax under the skin. There is a small thin capsule of tissue around it that keeps it from bursting. Sometimes they burst out of the skin which is fine. Other times they burst under the skin which creates a massive immune response and a festering sore. Very often the entire lesion has to be removed then. It is advised that you not squeeze Keratint cysts.

Removing glandular growths from the edges of the eyelid

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Cysts on the edges of the eyelid can be snipped off, or they can be removed with something called a V plasty. The V plasty is an indelible removal method that is successful because it removes the root of the cyst. Snipping a cyst off, removes it, but growback is likely. However it does not require general anesthesia. In very old dogs, it is quite often the best choice. Always consult a veterinarian.

Socking a dog’s head

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This is variably successful: some dogs just won’t leave a sock on their head. So sometimes you have to use a sock along with a cone. Other times you can secure it with some tape. Other times, you don’t have to. In any event, depending on the size of the sock and the size of the dogs head, it can be a very effective way of holding the ears down so that they can’t be shaken to further damage.

Companion Animal & Fish Health