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The Easiest Home Cooking For Dogs

On my website I have quite a few different ways to cook for your dog but I want you to know The easiest home cooking for dogs. Alternative for Raw diets of six or seven kinds, some diets that are rich in carbohydrates from 10 years ago, to some diets that are more conservative on carbohydrates trending now.

Home Cooking For Dogs

Download: 2019_home_cooking_for_dogs_best_all_around_recipe

Somewhere in between feeding raw meat with enzymes and other special ingredients, all the way across the board to “just plain chicken and rice”, here is a nice “middle of the road“ diet that is suitable for most if not all dogs.

It brings to bear a conservative carbohydrate content, and it is extremely low in fat. If you look at each of the ingredients, they’re absolutely essential to the dogs nutrition and prevailing health.

Here are the ingredients:

Eggs prepared in any fashion although boiling a bunch of eggs on the weekend to have enough for the week is certainly efficient, not to mention the fact that you can buy boiled eggs by the dozen already shelled in the package.

Low carbohydrate, “stirfry“ vegetables. I found these at Target in steamer packs, they contain cauliflower, broccoli, snow peas, and other non-starchy vegetables. You just throw that in the microwave and steam it, chop it up a little and then mix it with the chopped eggs and you’re ready to go.

Pumpkin.

One of the things that would be missing in a diet based on non-starchy vegetables and eggs would be soluble fiber, so you need to add pumpkin to the diet. Sweet potato is almost as good. Adding a powdered soluble fiber is also effective and may be easier? That would be fructo-oligosaccharides from Amazon.com made from chicory root or Jerusalem artichoke.

The amount of pumpkin that you would add would be 1 tablespoon per 10 pounds in each feeding. After you had been feeding for a while you would kind of get the idea of what it looked like when it was made correctly and you would not have to measure painstakingly so much.

Home Cooking For Dogs
Home Cooking For Dogs

A diet that is based on eggs, low starch vegetables and a little bit of soluble fiber from pumpkin, is lacking in calcium and perhaps even some antioxidants. This is added by putting some blueberry yogurt of high-quality into the diet. Something like a teaspoon for 10 pounds would be appropriate, stir that in to the meal and you’re good

When I was researching raw diets, I noticed that some people were giving straight up, raw egg shell and it turns out that digestibility is actually OK, and this is not a bad way to get calcium into a dog. So, if you are using eggs in the diet and you feel like it, you could actually use a raw egg shell and all.

For most dogs over 20 pounds a half an egg shell is more than enough calcium for the day. Obviously that would be down tuned for a Chihuahua at 3 pounds LOL

Are eggs a complete protein? To be honest I couldn’t tell you, except that eggs are extremely “kidney friendly“ and used in diets that are intended to spare kidney function in older animals. The other proteins of a similar type (it’s also an albumin) comes from whey or milk protein. For that reason I suggest that if you want to supplement protein, instead of adding a bulky protein like chicken, consider perhaps a spoonful of basic whey protein powder. If you are using eggs, that should not be necessary but, if you feel like it, go ahead.

In the above diet we have considered protein, fat, fiber, carotenoids, calcium, even some advantages as far as antioxidants but we need to take it one step further: Iron and vitamins. Just in case were missing something, we should add a multivitamin to the diet and I have always been partial to Flintstones complete because it contains iron which is lacking in all of the above ingredients;  from eggs to vegetables to yogurt.

So a Flintstones Complete, multivitamin dosed at a rate of 1/2 tablet for 30 pounds and under, and for 30 pounds and over we get a whole tablet per day. 60 to 70 pounds and over with yet a tablet and a half or more. Vitamins are quite safe for dogs, just make sure that the vitamin is not made with xylitol please check the label before administering it, because formulation sometimes change.

To recap, we are talking about a home-cooked diet that is simple, and nutritionally complete that is based on boiled eggs, starch free low carbohydrate mixed vegetables from a steamer, some blueberry yogurt, and pumpkin as well as A multivitamin for iron and to correct any small deficiencies.

Optional added items could include a whey-based protein powder.

Regarding the consistency of the diet, there are some dogs that will carefully pick out the egg and leave the vegetables, if that’s the case you are going to have to dice everything up and mix it together in such a style that dogs cannot pick out the vegetables,

Some dogs wolf it down en masse, in which case you are lucky.

How much to feed?

The vegetables are unlimited and you know how to dose the pumpkin and yogurt.

So it comes to the eggs.

1 egg per 15 pounds twice a day.

A 60 pound dog would get 8 eggs a day.

Still cheaper than boutique pet foods!

You can vary that by age and weight.

Older, heavier dogs get less eggs

Younger leaner dogs are welcome to more.

Home Cooking For Dogs

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BioSeeding Installs a Complete Ecosystem Equilibrium of Cycle Bacteria

Bioseeding – Transfer of Biologically Active Autotrophs to a Recipient Aquatic System, BioSeeding Installs a Complete Ecosystem Equilibrium of Cycle Bacteria

beneficial cycle bacteriaIt takes time for these “beneficial nitrogen reducing bacteria” to develop. Under normal conditions, it takes up to six weeks for Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacteria to proliferate to number sufficient to reduce all the Ammonia and Nitrite in the environment. During this time, fish SUFFER with the accumulations.What if we could have “instant” colonization of these bacteria? Well we can. This information is PARTICULARLY relevent to those who are setting up emergency quarantines and hospital tanks for fish they have just bought or which are being isolated for treatments.

Science has always said that these beneficial nitrogen reducing bacteria are sessile, meaning they are attached to the surface of rocks, gravel, sponge material, whatever media they’re grown on. So it would seem like an impossibility that the bacteria can be easily dislodged, transferred into a bucket and put into a fish pond or tank to create an instant “equilibrium” – Right?

That’s exactly what you do. My kids just got fish tanks and of course, I wanted them to have “instant” success, and no “cycle” so I used the bioseeding trick again. This time I made pictures so you could see EXACTLY how it’s done.

how to add an instant ammonia reducing colony of beneficial bacteria to your aquariumThe second system is a ten gallon tank which I set up with an under gravel filtration system (a favorite of mine for Goldfish tanks even though it is “in vogue” to badmouth these excellent performers.

I went outside to my Aquadyne filters and backwashed some healthy “squeezins” from the filters. This greenish brown “junk” is what EVERYONE has in any established filtration system. I collected about a half gallon of it.

how to cycle a tankSupposedly this material would only contain filth, because every scientist knows that the beneficial nitrogen reducing bacteria are “attached” and can’t be dislodged. Indeed, this material is EXCELLENT for starting up a complete cycle.

how to start a biological cycle overnightBefore adding the material, it should be stirred up. You’re not just trying to deploy the “clear” distillate from over the solids, but indeed the best results are when you inoculate the entire stew into a system.

One of the failures in the first article I wrote on this subject was the fact that it did not have pictures. People couldn’t tell how MUCH of the primordial stew to add to the recipient system. So this time I made pictures so you could see how much gets added.

the ammonia cycle

This picture was snapped as quick as I could put down the bucket of primordial stew and pick up the camera. The top picture shows the gravel at the front of the tank, you can hardly see in even a few inches. Below, you see a pan shot of the tank freshly inoculated. You can make out NO internal furnishings.

beneficial cycle bacteriaYou should be reminded of two things:

1. This will not work without a filter in the recipient system.
2. This will kill fish if you have them in there DURING the inoculation.

how to add an instant ammonia reducing colony of beneficial bacteria to your aquariumBecause I know people are impatient and might want to introduce fish “soon” , I thought, “What would happen if I introduced fish at the “one hour” mark. So I did. And the fish were eating off the bottom (Eating is a very good sign of happiness in fish). You can still see the little chlorine bubbles on the glass where we filled up the tank only an hour before.

beneficial cycle bacteriaThe next morning, I was able to shoot these crystal clear images of the tank. We can feed the fish and no ammonia or nitrite accumulations occur.

 

how to start a biological cycle overnightThis is a shot of my son’s thirty gallon breeder (fixed up with the traditional decor of a seven year old, blue gravel and pagodas) which was instantly” cycled only the day before Katie’s was. It cleared overnight and has no ammonia or nitrite issues.

Limitations:

What if you don’t have an “already cycled” donor system to get primordial stew from?
A: You can buy the “bacteria” from different companies and take your chances.

OR: You could ask your local pet shop or garden center to wring out some of their filtration media to provide you with a bucket of dark green or brown primordial stew.

RISK! RISK! RISK! This action could result in your purchasing a disease! How do you know that the primordial stew you’re buying doesn’t contain some sort of pathogen for your fish?

Still, there are those “in the know” who might maintain the following two points: If the fish in the donor system look good, chances are the bacteria from their filter are going to be “pretty safe” and I won’t disagree as long as you use words like “Look good” and “Pretty safe” instead of “Completely safe” because it’s not.

Secondly, it could be argued that a prolonged “break in” period, complete with raging ammonia and nitrites, could be far worse than a little case of Ich which you can just salt away.

It’s known that these two bacteria aren’t the ONLY two bacteria which can do this in nature, but for the sake of discussion, that’s all for now.

This work was all done with Undergravel filters. Do other filters work too?
A: Yes. In my first testing on this technique, the work was done using regular sponge filters and the primordial stew came from some Japanese matting at the pet shop. Sponge filters work better with bioseeding than undergravel filters.

Are there any other pitfalls?
A: Yes, there are. In this scenario you’re putting an IMMEDIATE biological load on the system. This creates and immediate tax on the carbonates which uphold the pH. If you do NOT supplement the carbonates in some way, a drop in the pH could occur as these bacteria try to “set up shop”. There are numerous ways to hold up the carbonates, including Baking Soda, pH regulators, BuffItUp, more.

SHORT AND SWEET: When you initially set up a new fish pond, there will be Ammonia and Nitrite accumulations which will threaten your fish unless you’re prepared or take evasive measures.

Atopy And Air Quality

Why Dogs Itch Especially In Summer and Especially Their Feet?

Atopy is an allergy AND irritation that occurs when air quality (and micropollution) are prevalently bad. You can learn more about your regional air quality from Scorecard.org which is listed in this article. In this document I describe what Atopy is, the six hallmark presentations and then what you can do about it. A warm, wet washcloth may be the most important part! Read on.

https://drjohnson.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/WHY-DOGS-ITCH-ESPECIALLY-IN-SUMMER-AND-ESPECIALLY-BELLIES-SMOG-Ground-level-micropollution.pdf

 

Trickle Systems for Aquatics Replaces Water Changes

Trickle Systems for Aquatics Replaces Water Changes

The concept: Instead of a drain-and-fill water change, folks can put water to an aquatics system and trickle a small amount of water into that system all the time, 2 quarts an hour in a big 300 gallon tank. The tank stays ‘full’ at the bulkhead or standpipe and the fish enjoy a lot of fresh water every week.

Overflow Water Changes.

This is 100% dependent on your ability to carry off water from your tank(s) in small amounts, but 24 hours a day. The overflow lines aren’t carrying much water at any given time so they don’t have to be big. If you cannot dispose overflow water, then the trickle water replacement system isn’t for you.

At Home Depot and Lowe’s they have 1/4 inch “irrigation lines” and emitters.
You’d need a hose bib to supply the irrigation system.
Alternatively, you can ‘saddle tap’ a water line in the house, as shown in the picture.

This is a simple saddle tap for 1/4″ irrigation lines. Super easy to use.

If you come off a hose bib, you come off that to a 1/4″ inch nipple, a short run of line, and then engineer a 25psi regulator, and then branch off with 1/4″ elbows to go to each tank with an emitter, 0.5 gph is fine.
To dispose water:
Put a bulkhead at the water line in each tank. A standpipe also works very well. In any event, the bulkhead in the side of the tank, or the standpipe IN the tank will set the water level in the vessel. As you trickle water into the system, it will overflow the bulkhead or standpipe and discharge away.
Water will be leaving each tank at 2 quarts an hour if you use a 0.5 gph emitter. So as you can see, water flow through those ‘over flows’ is slight, and the pipe doesn’t have to be more than 1/2 inch. Screen the bulkhead if you’re worried about fish sticking their heads in.

This kind of kit (click) is like, $25 and has everything except the pressure regulator.

Every day, each tank will be getting 12 gallons of water.
Each week it’s 84 gallons of water.
That’s 25% water change per WEEK. Plenty for health under very heavy loading without stripping slime coat.

You don’t need dechlor. That’s because chlorine degasses completely in 12 hours in agitated water, 24 hours in non-agitated water.

That means that at any given hour, there’s 2 quarts activating chlorine and 2 quarts aging out.
A total of 12 gallons per day of ‘chlorinated water’ in 350 gallons means the chlorinated water levels will be running about 1.5% at any given time, worst case; because each 2 quarts of “new” water are always aging out. Up to a 25% water change can be done WITHOUT dechlorinator in water with a decent organics-level.

Chlorine isn’t a ‘thing’ with this turnover.

A kit to do ALL your tanks (besides installing the bulkheads and overflow runoff lines) is a kit that looks like THIS (Click) which costs like, $25

The kit I linked does not seem to have a 25psi regulator. That would be bought separately and installed as in the picture you see next.

When you’re using 0.25 – 1.0 gph emitters on 1/4″ irrigation line, the flow rates are “reliable” when the water pressure is regulated to 25psi. If the pressure is too high, it seems to punch the membranes in the emitters and they underflow. I recommend (highly) that you regulate the line pressure to 25psi.

This is a 25psi regulator made with 2 of the 1/4″ barbs and a 3/4″ male-to-male adapter and of course the regulator.

Making an inexpensive inline 25psi irrigation line regulator:

Coming off a hose bib requires:

[1] 25psi regulator: https://amzn.to/2YAmiQ4
[3] 1/4″ barb adapter from 3/4″ FMT: https://amzn.to/2MPzOIC
[1] 3/4″ to 3/4″ double nipple adapter: https://amzn.to/31tMhp8

So you come off the hose bib with the 1/4″ barb adapter to your 1/4″ line and then the line runs to the second 1/4″ barb adapter, to the 3/4″ FMT male-to-male adapter, to the 25psi regulator and then to the third 1/4″ barb adapter — and then back to the 1/4″ irrigation line to the tanks.

Each tank line ends with an emitter. If you need more water flow, you can branch the end of the line and put 2 or 3 emitters on the terminus and get higher flows.

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Another post to SEE ALSO (CLICK)

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The Number One Fish Killer on Youtube is Preventable, But Necessary

If you keep fish and you make a living at Youtube describing your hobby, you’re in  competition with a lot of publishers. And the most popular videos in fish hobbyist circles are “unboxing” videos where hobbyists can see new and exotic fish coming out of boxes into great big fish tanks. It’s admittedly cool. But what happens when your tanks are full?

Sadly, something you wouldn’t expect, but then again, you would.

Apoquel and Cancer in Dogs

Dogs are contracting cancer from a new(ish) medicine (introduced in 2013) given to control itching. 
#apoquel #canine #dog #cancer #oclacitinib

In the most basic of “summaries”: You can’t use it in people, and it causes new cancer in about 15-18/300 NON-elderly dogs. Severe bacterial/fungal infections in @30-35/300 dogs.

Its not funny, but I should have read further to find out whether or not they reported “complete cessation of itching and breathing” in at least 5 to 12 percent of tested animals.

Now let’s get to the meat and potatoes:

dog with cancer on it's face from Apoquel, apoquel caused cancer in up to 12% of dogs tested by the company that manufactures it.
dog with cancer on it’s face from Apoquel, apoquel caused cancer in up to 12% of dogs tested by the company that manufactures it.

A customer asked me about a medication called Apoquel. It is prescribed for dogs that are itching because of allergic reactions to substances, fleas, and more. Apparently it is effective in many of the cases it is used in. If you check the internet, you will read hysterical reports from some of the dog breeder sites that say that “50% of animals getting Apoquel will die of cancer”. Not surprising for a few breeders to fly off the handle. Polyester fibers and hair curlers can cause hysteria with chronic, lifetime exposure. However a veterinary dermatologist who prescribes Apoquel regularly, arrived at a more refined / conservative conclusion per the packaging material and that is that about 5% of animals getting apoquel will suffer cancer. However in that author’s opinion (the dermatologist’s) it was thought that 5% of non-elderly animals would have gotten cancer over the course of a year anyway. I disagree. Because, if you read the testing results more closely they were able to attribute specific cancers to Apoquel. It was not usually random; in the types of cancer contracted. Later on in this article I will list the specific answers researchers found in Apoquel studies.

In almost all of the trials, cancer was not the most common negative side effect. Severe infections and pneumonia were also noted to the extent that in some cases the trial had to be stopped for those animals. Depending upon how you interpret the results of these studies, upwards of 10 percent and possibly closer to 20 percent of animals had significant reactions that compromised quality of life as a result of this medication.

Apoquel has been around a while. It was out in late 2013 and was not tested in many animals at all. It has a fearsome list of direct effects…..and to create THAT much cancer and pneumonia in such a tiny study group of no more than 500 dogs, total. :u(

Better than twelve percent of all dogs given Apoquel developed: pneumonia, bullous foot and node infections, or any one of a dozen cancers directly related to Apoquel.

It isn’t used in people, and even has hazard instructions if you simply get it on your skin. (Open / broken capsule)

300+/- Dogs in field trial:
Eighteen dogs were euthanized because of suspected malignant neoplasms: including thoracic metastatic, abdominal metastatic, splenic, frontal sinus, and intracranial neoplasms, and transitional cell carcinoma after 17, 120, 175, 49, 141, and 286 days of APOQUEL administration, respectively. Two dogs each developed a Grade II mast cell tumor after 52 and 91 days of APOQUEL administration, respectively. One dog developed low grade B-cell lymphoma after 392 days of APOQUEL administration. Two dogs each developed an apocrine gland adenocarcinoma (one dermal, one anal sac) after approximately 210 and 320 days of APOQUEL administration, respectively. One dog developed a low grade oral spindle cell sarcoma after 320 days of APOQUEL administration.

Oh, by the way. The above is quoted from Zoetis’ own package insert.

From the above statistic, what is commonly overlooked is that those all occurred within a group of less than 300 animals.

When they went from clinical to field trials; 6% (six-point-zero-percent) of their study got cancer!

Infections were essentially twice as common (@10%) but only a few were life-threatening or lethal.

Nutshell?
It’s just too immunosuppressive.

Someone called my post out, “Stop the hysterics! You can’t believe everything you read on the Internet!!”

I’m not engaging hysterics. In fact, the proof of these cancers and the disturbing percentages comes from Zoetis’ research! They provided all of the information I included in this article in their package insert to the Food and Drug Administration. You can read it yourself.

Link:  Apoquel Product Insert, See page 1, the entire second column. 

The doctor-to-consumer selling point is; “It won’t cause thirst hunger and weight gain like prednisone-category meds”. Which is crazy-attractive I know. But the risks are too high in most patients with the garden variety itching.

This may come as a big surprise to some people, but drug manufacturers quite possibly rely on the fact that folks won’t read the fine print, and I suspect even some doctors won’t. When I refer to fine print I am NOT necessarily talking about the ‘massaged’ fine print provided by the manufacturer. Sometimes better and more accurate information can be interpreted from National Institutes of Health, publicly funded research and university level tracts, and PubMed. (Here’s my fave starting point: Click)

Apoquel is powerfully immune suppressive, not unlike Cyclosporine (Atopica°) however Apoquel is in a drug class and category by itself.

So far, I don’t know much that is as safe or cheap as steroids for skin issues (whose cause is exclusive to other infectious causes), but; nutrition is making headway. Cytopoint is absolutely amazing but at $50-100 a shot, it’s pricey.

Erik

Dr Erik Johnson
3100 Roswell Rd Suite 113
Marietta GA
TEL: (770) 977-5377
FAX: (770) 973-0301

Dec 2019: If I still have any patients on Apoquel, I don’t know it one–off. I’ve moved as many as I find over to Cytopoint. Which has resolved all but ONE of my atopic dermatology cases.

Dec 2017: I have posted a video of the first dog I’ve gotten off Apoquel (without cancer). We took advantage of information on low carb / carb intolerance in dogs. His video is somewhere in this thread. Sorry.
I put details and citations of this article at: drjohnson.com/apoquel.html
“Sciency” folks wanted me to ‘back up my random internet post’ so I just linked to Zoetis’ own prescriber information. That was easy peasy. I’m sure they wish they didn’t have to post their fine print on the internet LOL.

For the record, I don’t like Prednisone much either. It’s the mildest thing (that works) for now, but I am ALWAYS on the hunt for the Grail.

Addendum: Between the above writing and July 2017, I have put five cases on it after a lot of discussion with owners about possible consequences. I am already back down to four cases on Apoquel since Bella T. now has lymphoma and has left the group. In fairness, Bella was better off dead than in the skin she lived in before Apoquel. Which is the only criteria I use these days before putting a dog on Apoquel. Besides that pesky cancer thing, it works extremely well.